Wednesday, June 28, 2006

N=4 SCA as basic symmetry of TGD and the basic mistake of M-theory

N=4 super-conformal algebra (SCA) emerges naturally in TGD framework and is basically due to the covariantly constant right handed neutrinos and super Kac-Moody and super-canonical algebras defining the generalized coset representations. N=4 SCA is the maximal associative SCA and has an interpretation in terms of super-affinization of a complexified quaternion algebra. The (4,4) signature of target space metric characterizing N=4 SCA topological field theory is not a problem since in TGD framework the target space becomes a fictive concept defined by the Cartan algebra. This picture allows to assign the critical dimensions of super string models and M-theory with the fictive target spaces associated with the vertex operator construction.

N=4 super-conformal topological field theory defines in TGD framework a non-trivial physical theory since classical interactions induce correlations between partonic 2-surfaces and CP2 type extremals provide a space-time correlate for virtual particles. Both M4× CP2 decomposition of the imbedding space and space-time dimension are crucial for the 2+2+2+2 structure of the Cartan algebra, which together with the notion of the configuration space guarantees N=4 super-conformal invariance. Therefore it is not exaggeration to say that the basic structure of TGD is uniquely fixed also by N=4 super-conformal invariance. In the following the interpretation of the critical dimension and critical signature of metric is discussed in some detail.

The basic problem is that the signature of the induced space-time metric cannot be (2,2) which is essential for obtaining the cancellation for N=2 SCA imbedded to N=4 SCA with critical dimension D=8 and signature (4,4). Neither can the metric of imbedding space correspond to the signature (4,4). The (4,4) signature of the target space metric is not so serious limitation as it looks if one is ready to consider the target space appearing in the calculation of N-point functions as a fictive notion.

The resolution of the problems relies on two observations.

  1. The super Kac-Moody and super-canonical Cartan algebras have dimension D=2 in both M4=M2×E2 and CP2 degrees of freedom giving total effective dimension D=2+2+2+2=8.

    • Super Kac-Moody algebra acts as deformations of partonic 2-surfaces X2. It consists of supersymmetrized X2-local E2 translations completely analogous to transversal deformations of string in M4 and supersymmetrized electro-weak Kac-Moody algebra U(2)ew acting on quantum variants of spinors identifiable as super-counterparts of super-symmetrized complexified quaternions. Both Cartan algebras have obviously dimension D=2.

    • Super-canonical algebra acts as deformations of 3-surfaces and is generated by Hamiltonians in δ M4+/-× CP2 with degenerate symplectic and complex structures made possible by the metric 2-dimensionality of the boundary of the four-dimensional light-cone. It consists of canonical transformations of CP2 and (with a suitable choice of gauge) of the canonical transformations of the tangent plane E2 of sphere having origin at the tip of δ M4+/-. Also now both Cartan algebras have dimensions D=2.

  2. The generalized coset construction discussed in detailhere allows to assign opposite signatures of metric to super Kac-Moody Cartan algebra and corresponding super-canonical Cartan algebra so that the desired signature (4,4) results. Altogether one has 8-D effective target space with signature (4,4) characterizing N=4 super-conformal topological strings. Hence the number of physical degrees of freedom is Dphys=8 as in super-string theory. Including the non-physical M2 degrees of freedom, one has critical dimension D=10. If also the radial degree of freedom associated with δ M4+/- is taken into account, one obtains D=11 as in M-theory.

From TGD point view perhaps the most fatal blunder of super-string approach and M-theory is the identification of the flat target space defined by the Cartan algebra in vertex operator construction with the physical space-time. The attempt to feed some physics into the obviously unphysical theory leads to the ad hoc notion of spontaneous compactification. Branes represent a further desperate attempt to get something sensible out of the theory. This in turn leads to landscape and to the anthropic principle as the last straw to save the theory (or at least its continual funding;-)).

The last section of chapter Construction of Quantum Theory of "Towards S-Matrix" represents detailed form of the argument.


At 10:50 AM, Anonymous Philippe VIOLA said...

"This in turn leads to landscape and to the anthropic principle as the last straw to save the theory (or at least its continual funding;-))."

OH !
Only bad tongues say that...


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