Friday, March 31, 2006

Higgs particle as wormhole contact and weakened form of Equivalence Principle

Quantum classical correspondence has turned out to be the magic tool leading to the a surprisingly detailed understanding of the physics predicted by TGD. I am continuing the updating of TGD forced by the dark matter revolution and newest result relate to a more detailed understanding of particle massivation, the manner how Equivalence Principle is weakened in TGD framework, color confinement, and the variant of Higgs mechanism involved with super-conductivity. The really big surprise was that Higgs particle is nothing but a wormhole contact carrying left handed weak isospin.

1. Higgs as wormhole contact, electro-weak symmetry breaking, the weakening of Equivalence Principle, and color confinement

The proper understanding of the concepts of gauge charges and fluxes and their gravitational counterparts in TGD space-time has taken a lot of efforts. At the fundamental level gauge charges assignable to light-like 3-D elementary particle horizons surrounding a topologically condensed CP2 type extremals can be identified as the quantum numbers assignable to fermionic oscillator operators generating the state associated with horizon identifiable as a parton. Quantum classical correspondence requires that commuting classical gauge charges are quantized and this is expected to be true by the generalized Bohr orbit property of the space-time surface.

There are however non-trivial questions. Do vacuum charge densities give rise to renormalization effects or imply non-conservation so that weak charges would be screened above intermediate boson length scale? Could one assign the non-conservation of gauge fluxes to the wormhole (#) contacts, which are identifiable as pieces of CP2 extremals and for which electro-weak gauge currents are not conserved so that weak gauge fluxes would be non-vanishing but more or less random so that long range correlations would be lost?

It indeed turns that one can understand the non-conservation of weak gauge fluxes in terms of wormhole contacts carrying pairs of right/left handed fermion and left/right handed antifermion having interpretation as Higgs bosons. The average non-conserved light-like gravitational four-momentum of wormhole contact representing Higgs boson can be identified as the inertial four-momentum apart from the sign factor so that one can also understand particle massivation at fundamental level and a connection with p-adic thermodynamics based description of Higgs mechanism emerges. Also a detailed understanding about how Equivalence Principle is weakened in TGD framework emerges.

Also color confinement can be understood using only quantum classical correspondence and general properties of classical color gauge field. Spin glass degeneracy allows to understand the generation of macro-temporal quantum coherence and the same mechanism allows also to understand more quantitatively color confinement by applying unitarity conditions.

2. Dark matter hierarchy and fractal copies of standard model physics

The most dramatic prediction obvious from the beginning but mis-interpreted for about 26 years is the presence of long ranged classical electro-weak and color gauge fields in the length scale of the space-time sheet. The only interpretation consistent with quantum classical correspondence is in terms of a hierarchy of scaled up copies of standard model physics corresponding to p-adic length scale hierarchy and dark matter hierarchy labelled by arbitrarily large values of dynamical quantized Planck constant. Chirality selection in the bio-systems provides direct experimental evidence for this fractal hierarchy of standard model physics.

3. Wormhole contacts, super-conductivity, and biology

Wormhole contacts, feeding gauge fluxes from a given sheet of the 3-space to a larger one, which are a necessary concomitant of the many-sheeted space-time concept. # contacts can be regarded as particles carrying classical charges defined by the gauge fluxes but behaving as extremely tiny dipoles quantum mechanically in the case that gauge charge is conserved. # contacts must be light, which suggests that they can form Bose-Einstein condensates and coherent states. The real surprise (after 27 years of TGD) was that the formation of these rather exotic macroscopic quantum phases could be identified as formation of vacuum expectation value of Higgs field for various scaled up copies of standard model physics. This kind of macroscopic quantum phases could be in a central role in the TGD inspired model for a bio-system as a macroscopic quantum system. Electromagnetically charged # contacts are also possible and would explain the massivation of photons in super-conductors implying that long ranged exotic W boson exchanges play a key role in super-conductivity.

For more details see the chapter General Ideas about Topological Condensation and Evaporation of "Classical Physics in Many-Sheeted Space-Time".

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