### Cautious conclusions concerning gauge boson massivation

The discussion of TGD counterpart of Higgs mechanism gives support for the following general picture.

- p-Adic thermodynamics contributes to the masses of all particles including photon and gluons: in these cases the contributions are however small. For fermions they dominate. For weak bosons the contribution from Euclidian Higgs is dominating as the correct group theoretical prediction for the W/Z mass ratio demonstrates. The mere spin 1 character for gauge bosons implies that they are massive in 4-D sense. Euclidian pion does not have tachyonic mass term in the analog of Higgs potential and this saves from radiative instability which standard
*N*=1 SUSY was hoped to solve. Therefore the usual space-time SUSY associted with imbedding space in TGD framework is not needed, and there are strong arguments suggesting that it is not present. For space-time regarded as 4-surfaces one obtains 2-D super-conformal invariance for fermions localized at 2-surfaces and for right-handed neutrino it extends to 4-D superconformal symmetry generalizing ordinary SUSY to infinite-D symmetry.

- The basic predictions to LHC are following. Euclidian pion at 125 GeV has no charged partners and will be found to decay to fermion pairs in a manner inconsistent with Higgs interpretation and its pseudoscalar nature will be established. M
_{89}hadron physics will be discovered. Fermi satellite has produced evidence for a particle with mass around 140 GeV and this particle could correspond to the pion of $M_{89}$ physics. This particle should be observed also at LHC and CDF reported already earlier evidence for it. There has been also indications for other mesons of M_{89}physics from LHC discussed here.

- The new view about Higgs allows to see several conjectures related to ZEO in new light.

- The basic conjecture related to the perturbation theory is that wormhole throats are massless on mass shell states in imbedding space sense: this would hold true also for virtual particles and brings in mind what happens in twistor program. The recent progress in the construction of n-point functions leads to explicit general formulas for them expressing them in terms of a functional integral over four-surfaces. The deformation of the space-time surface fixes the deformation of basis for induced spinor fields and one obtains a perturbation theory in which correlation functions for imbedding space coordinates and fermionic propagator defined by the inverse of the modified Dirac operator appear as building bricks and the electroweak gauge coupling of the modified Dirac operator define the basic vertex. This operator is indeed 2-D for all other fermions than right-handed neutrino.

- The functional integral gives some expressions for amplitudes which resemble twistor amplitudes in the sense that the vertices define polygons and external fermions are massless although gauge bosons as their bound states are massive. This suggests perturbation at imbedding space level such that fermionic propagator is defined by longitudinal part of M
^{4}momentum. Integration over possible choices M^{2}⊂ M^{4}for CD would give Lorentz invariance and transform propagator terms to something else. As a matter of fact, Yangian invariance suggests general expressions very similar to those obtained in*N*=4 SUSY for amplitudes in Grassmannian approach.

- Another conjecture is that gauge conditions for gauge bosons hold true for longitudinal (M
^{2}-) momentum and automatically allow 3 polarization states. This allows to consider the possibility that all gauge bosons are massless in 4-D sense. By above argument this conjecture must be wrong. Could one do without M^{2}altogether? A strong argument favoring longitudinal massivation is from p-adic thermodynamics for fermions. If p-adic thermodynamics determines longitudinal mass squared as a thermal expectation value such that 4-D momentum always light-like (this is important for twistor approach) one can assume that Super Virasoro conditions hold true for the fermion states. There are also number theoretic arguments and supporting the role of preferred M^{2}. Also the condition that the choice of quantization axes has WCW correlates favors M^{2}as also the construction of the generalized Feynman graphs analogous to non-planar diagrams as generalization of knot diagrams.

- The basic conjecture related to the perturbation theory is that wormhole throats are massless on mass shell states in imbedding space sense: this would hold true also for virtual particles and brings in mind what happens in twistor program. The recent progress in the construction of n-point functions leads to explicit general formulas for them expressing them in terms of a functional integral over four-surfaces. The deformation of the space-time surface fixes the deformation of basis for induced spinor fields and one obtains a perturbation theory in which correlation functions for imbedding space coordinates and fermionic propagator defined by the inverse of the modified Dirac operator appear as building bricks and the electroweak gauge coupling of the modified Dirac operator define the basic vertex. This operator is indeed 2-D for all other fermions than right-handed neutrino.

^{2}remain open. It the conjecture that Yangian invariance realized in terms of Grassmannians makes senseit could allow to deduce the outcome of the functional integral over four-surfaces and one could hope that TGD can be transformed to a calculable theory.

For details and background see the new chapter Higgs or something else?, and the article Is it really Higgs?.

## 4 Comments:

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1206.0015v2.pdf

The claim of the article is in conflict with the recent claim of Bidin et al commented also in this blog stating that the density is consistent with zero. I cannot of course say anything about the experimental side.

In TGD galactic halo of dark matter is replaced with string containing galaxies like pearls in necklace and creating long range logarithmic gravitational potential which is 2-D so that the motion in the direction of string is free: this prediction could be tested if only some-one knew about it. The problem is that serious scientists read only the respectable journals;-). This can prevent progress for decades. TGD therefore predicts vanishing density of galactic dark matter.

There can be of course stringy contributions from smaller scales and fractality of TGD Universe supports this view. Recent findings indeed support string like dark objects connecting galactic clusters.

http://phys.org/news/2012-08-gamma-rays-galactic-center-evidence.html

They found more gamma-ray photons coming from the Milky Way galactic center than they had expected, based on previous scientific models.

This is about galactic center where TGD based model and halo model cannot be distinguished. There are also results about galactic center which are not consistent with halo model: I proposed an explanation in some earlier posting in terms of junction of string like objects.

The results of analysis seem to be mutually conflicting almost as a rule;-). Too much ad hoc modeling in absence of a real theory? Or simply the extreme difficulty of the data analysis?

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