Monday, May 16, 2011

PAMELA anomaly suggests a scaled up variant of electro-hadron physics

Resonaances tells that the Fermi collaboration confirms the claim of PAMELA collaboration about anomalous e+e- pairs in cosmic ray radiation. The announcement of Pamela was my second birthday gift at October 30 for two and half years ago. The first gift was CDF anomaly which found a beautiful explanation in terms of tau-pions and the p-adically scaled up variants with color tau- lepton having mass scale by power of two. The tau-pion of mass about 14 GeV decaying in cascade like manner to lower octaves of basic tau-pion explained elegantly the observations reported by CDF. Helsinki University remembered me by giving a third and really lovely gift by banishing me from University. I understand the motivations: I had repeatedly and without careing about warnings of the authorities broken the Basic Principle of Serious Science: You ought to do nothing for the first time.

For some time ago the dilemma posed by the contradictory claims of DAMA and Cogent collaborations on one hand and XENON100 collaboration on one hand finds also nice solution in terms of 14 GeV taupion decaying to charged taupions with mass about 7 GeV. See the previous posting.

The decays of electro-pions to gamma pair can explain the observed anomalous gammas from galactic nucleus with energy very nearly to electron rest mass. Could one understand also the anomalous positrons reported by PAMELA as decay products of lepto-pion like states, say tau-pions? Intriguingly, the first figures of the article by Alessandro Strumia discussing the constraints on the possible explanations of the PAMELA anomaly show that the anomalous positron excess starts around 10 GeV, possible it starts already at 7 GeV. It is not possible to say anything certain below 10 GeV since the measurements are affected by the solar actvity below 10 GeV. What is however clear is that the excess cannot be explained by taupion decays with 14 GeV mass since the excess would be localized around energy of about 7 GeV. Higher mass is required.

The article by Alessandro Strumia summarizes various theoretical constraints on the new particle explaining positron and electron excesses. The conclusions are following.

  1. DM should result in a decay of quite a narrow particle with a mass very near to 2M, which is nearly at rest. What narrow means quantitatively is not clear to me.
  2. DM should carry a charge mediating long range interaction with the mediating boson which is must lighter than the particle itself: photon is the obvious candidate. Electromagnetically charged dark matter is however in conflict with the standard prejudices about dark matter and actually in dramatic conflict with its basic property of being invisible. Hierarchy of Planck constants is the only solution to the paradox of charged invisible dark matter.
  3. DM must prefer the decays to leptons since otherwise there would be also antiproton and proton excess which has not been observed.
  4. The mass of DM should be above 100 GeV.
These conditions encourage the idenfication of DM as a decay product of leptopion like state but with mass considerably higher than the 14 GeV mass. Tau-pions could of course be present but would not contribute to the anomaly at energies not too much above 7 GeV. Tau-pions would also give muon pair anomaly. Heavier leptopion like states are required and electropion would be the most natural candidate.
  1. If a scaled up variant of ordinary hadron physics characterized by M89 is there as the recent bumps having interpretation as mesons of this physics suggest, there is no deep reason preventing the presence of also the scale variant of leptohadron physics in this scale. Even more, one can argue that colored leptons must appear as both dark and ordinary variants. Dark variants with non-standard value of Planck constant can have masses of ordinary leptons plus possibly their octaves as in the case of tau at least. The decay widths of intermediate gauge bosons require ordinary colored leptons to have mass higher than 45 GeV.

  2. The mass of scaled up electropion would be obtained by scaling the mass of the dark electropion which for M89 electro-pion physics is in a good approximation 2me=1 MeV by a factor 2(127-89)/2= 219. This gives electropion mass equal to 500 GeV. Ordinary colored electron would therefore have mass of 250 GeV consistent with the lower bound. The conclusion would be rather ironic: we would have seen dark colored electron (in TGD sense) already at seventies and covered it carefelly under the rug and would be seeing now the ordinary colored electron and stubbornly trying to identify it as DM without caring about the fact that if dark matter is invisible in the standard sense it cannot be electromagnetically charged! Nature seems to love vulgar humour and feel no mercy towards pompous theoreticians enjoying monthly salary;-).

  3. By stretching one's imagination one might play with the thought that superpartners of colored leptons with mass scale of order 100 GeV could form pion like states. The superpartners decay to partner and neutrino since R-parity is not exact invariance in TGD and all depends on how fast this process occurs.

  4. Skeptic could wonder why the counterparts for colored excitations of quarks are not there and induce the increase of proton and antiproton fluxes.
To summarize, entire Zoo of not only new particles but even of new physics could be waiting for us at LHC energies if we live in TGD Universe!


L. Edgar Otto said...


Interesting read to which it indeed soungs like things closer to your viewpoint.

To ask a most likely shallow question: What of cold fusion some have shown quantumly possible and such a process shows no excess of nucleons? Can we expect no general gain of energy in these cosmic ray processes either? And
in the breakdown to photon - beyond a mere six dimensional view, is this not evidence for certain black hole like structures in theory as well?

Your statements are remarkable even when we are perhaps not talking of what many think of as concrete dark matter particles- as to where certain resonances of color must be. Perhaps the landscape will be constrained and make sense only when they converge to some of your ideas.

The PeSla

Matti Pitkanen said...

The process of admitting the facts and understanding their consequences seems to be extremely slow. I had higher much higher thoughts about colleagues. This denial of problems of the theory is an accepted habit: just this day Lubos told us that quantum theory has no interpretational problems!

The evidence for leptonic color has accumulated from seventies but since the presence of light colored leptons leads to contradiction in standard model they have been simply forgotten. Dark matter in TGD sense resolves the problem.

Now both DAMA and PAMELA suggest that dark matter is charged but this is in total conflict with is extremely weak interaction. The existing theories have achieved the final dead end.

The hierarchy of Planck constants is the only possible manner to circumvent also this paradox.

There is no hope of curing M-theory using TGD or any kind of treatment. It has been dead for decades. For hygienic reasons I dare hope that the advocates would bury the corpse as soon as possible;-).

donkerheid said...

I like your humour. :)
And of course, I congratulate to your results!
These times I always have a strange feeling of being priviledged to witness history in the making.

Ulla said...

and this- evolution because of smell. Em-clue?