Monday, May 02, 2016

Gravitational Waves from Black Hole Megamergers Are Weaker Than Predicted

There was an interesting article in Scientific American with title "Gravitational Waves from Black Hole Megamergers Are Weaker Than Predicted" (see this). The article told about the failure to find support for the effects of gravitational waves from the fusion of supermassive blackholes. The fusions of supermassive blackholes generate gravitational radiation. These collisions would be scaled up versions of the LIGO event.

Supermassive blackholes in galactic centers are by statistical arguments expected to fuse in the collisions of galaxies so often that the generated gravitational radiation produces a detectable hum. This should produce a background hum which should be seen as a jitter for the arrival times of photons of radiation from pulsars. This jitter is same for all pulsars and therefore is expected to be detectable as kind of "hum" defined by gravitational radiation at low frequencies. The frequencies happen to be audible frequencies. For the past decade, scientists with the North American Nanohertz Observatory for Gravitational Waves (NANOGrav) collaboration tried to detect this constant "hum" of low-frequency gravitational waves (see this). The outcome is negative and one should explain why this is the case.

I do not know how much evidence there exists for nearby collisions of galaxies in which fusion of galactic supermassive blackholes really take place. What would TGD suggest?

  1. In TGD Universe galaxies could be like pearls in necklace carrying dark magnetic energy identifiable as dark matter. This explains galactic rotation curves correctly 1/ρ force in plane orthogonal to the long cosmic string (in TGD sense) defining the necklace gives constant velocity spectrum plus free motion along string: this prediction distinguishes TGD from the competing models. Halo is not spherical since stars are in free motion along cosmic string. The galactic dark matter is identified as dark energy in turn identifiable as magnetic energy of long cosmic string. There is a considerable evidence for these necklaces and this model is one of the oldest parts of TGD inspired astrophysics and cosmology.

  2. Galaxies as vehicles moving along cosmic highways defined by long cosmic strings is more dynamical metaphor than pearls in necklace and better in recent context. The dominating interaction would be the gravitational interaction keeping the galaxy at highway and might make fusion of galactic blackholes a rare process.
This model allows to consider the possibility that the fusions of galactic super-massive blackholes are much rarer than expected in the standard model.
  1. The gravitational interaction between galaxies at separate highways passing near each other would be secondary interaction and galaxies would pass each other without anything dramatic occurring.

  2. If the highways intersect each other the galaxies could collide with each other if the timing is correct but this would be a rare event. This is like two vehicles arriving a crossing simultaneously. In fact, I wrote for a couple of years ago about the possibility that Milky Way could have resulted as the intersection of two cosmic highways (or as a result of cosmic traffic accident).

  3. If the galaxies are moving in opposite directions along the same highway, the situation changes and a fusion of galactic nuclei in head on collision is unavoidable. It is difficult to say how often this kind of events occur: it could occur that galaxies have after sufficiently many collisions "learned" to move in the same direction and define analog of hydrodynamical flow. A cosmic flow has been observed in "too" long scales and could correspond to a coherent flow along cosmic string.
For background see the chapter Quantum Astrophysics.

For a summary of earlier postings see Latest progress in TGD.


Unknown said...

So you see weak by cosmic traffic and by its relativistic nature !!! said...

One could say that the organization of cosmic galaxy traffic to cosmic highways reduces the number of cosmic traffic accidents dramatically. This is the reason for why we have ordinary highways! This reduces number of collisions leading to fuson of galactic blackholes and therefore the intensity of background gravitational radiation from them.

An open question is whether the traffic tends to be uni-directional or not. If so then only the crossings could give rise to collisions but very rarely since the probability that galaxies enter the crossing at the same time is low.

One could however consider the possibility that cosmic strings- highways themselves- have crossed! They are dynamical objects themselves. There is some evidence that Milky Way could be this kind of crossing and the original model was that this is how galaxies have formed.

Anonymous said...