There seems to be only one way out of a paradox. One must admit that the recent views of galaxy formation and of what time is, are wrong.
In the TGD framework, new view of the space-time leads to a new quantum view about the formation of astrophysical objects involving gravitational quantum coherence even in cosmological scales. This view also allows to understand galactic dark matter (see this).
Zero energy ontology in turn solves the basic paradox of standard quantum measurement theory. ZEO predicts that the arrow of time changes in the ordinary state function reductions. These weird galaxies would have lived forth and back in geometric time and would be much older than the universe when age is defined as the evolutionary stage.
The paradoxical looking prediction of TGD is that the youngest galaxies in standard view are the oldest galaxies in the TGD view.
For a summary of earlier postings see Latest progress in TGD.